Christmas tree fires are rare, however when they do occur they are serious!
Trees can become fire hazards when they dry out. See the difference between a dry tree catching fire and a tree that was watered regularly.
A demonstration showing how flammable a dry Christmas tree can be as opposed to a tree watered regularly. This test was conducted by the National Fire Protection Association and Underwriters Laboratories.
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) tracks fires and their causes in the United States. Here are some statistics copied from the its website:
- “Between 2009-2013, U.S. fire departments responded to an average of 210 home fires that started with Christmas trees per year. These fires caused an average of 7 deaths, 19 injuries, and $17.5 million in direct property damage annually.
- On average, one of every 31 reported home fires that began with a Christmas tree resulted in a death, compared to an average of one death per 144 total reported home fires.”*
5 strategies for preventing Christmas tree fires!
Start with a freshly cut tree!
- Pick a tree with a strong green colour and noticeable fragrance.
- Very few needles should fall when the butt of the tree is tapped on the ground.
- Needles should bend, not break.
- The branches should be hard to break.
- The stump should be sticky with resin.
Keep the tree from drying out!
“The moisture content of each tree can play a dominant role in determining the fire hazard each tree represents.” **
- Fresh cut the bottom 2 to 5 cm of trunk right before you put the tree in its stand. The fresh cut will assist the tree to drink more water.
- Water the tree! The tree stand should holds 2-4 litres of water. A two-metre tall tree will drink about two litres every day. Check and top-up the water every day. I check twice a day. If water drops below the base of the trunk, the stem may reseal itself. requiring a new fresh cut
- Use a preservative in the water. If you are concerned about small children or pets drinking the water, use a small amount of sugar instead.
- Heat dries out the tree. Keep the tree away from all heat sources: heating vents or registers, fireplaces, candles and cigarettes.
- Do not leave the tree up for longer than 10 to 14 days. Even the freshest tree starts to dry out in two weeks. NFPA statistics have found that almost 40% of Christmas tree fires occur in January.
Use safe extension cords!
“Electrical distribution or lighting equipment was involved in 38% of home Christmas tree fires.” *
- Try to position the tree so you do not have to use long extension cords.
- Do not overload wall outlets.
- Inspect all cords before using. Make sure they are CSA certified. Look for loose connections or frayed or exposed wire. Discard any defective cords.
- Insert plugs fully into outlets. Poor contact may cause overheating or shock.
- Do not coil or bunch an extension cord which is in use and do not run it under carpets or rugs.
Use safe lights!
- Use Canadian Standards Association (CSA) certified light strings/sets.
- Use the proper lights for the environment. Some outdoor light strings/sets burn too hot indoors.
- Inspect light strings/set before use. Check for cracked bulbs and for frayed, broken or exposed wires, and discard if faulty.
- Turn off the lights before going to bed or leaving the house.
Choose safe decorations!
- Choose decorations that are flame-retardant, non-combustible and non-conductive.
- Avoid using angel hair (glass wool) together with spray-on snowflakes. This combination is highly combustible.
- Do not use metallic ornaments on the tree. If they make contact with defective wiring they could become a shock hazard.
Happy Holidays from Home Risky Home!
* Source: NFPA’s “Home Structure Fires Involving Christmas Trees” report, November 2015**
** Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology “Fire on the Web” page accessed December 2015